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Bible Study

Grace Dwells in the Word

Sunday, June 7, 2020                                                              Holy Trinity
 
Prayer for receiving the Word:  Gracious God, we do not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from you. Bless us as we read the scriptures. Make us hunger for the Word of life, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen
 
Gospel:  (Scripture was written to be heard. Please, give it a voice. Read it aloud.)
 
Matthew 28:16–20
16Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them.  17When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted.  18And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.  19Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,  20and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age."
 
  • What does the passage have to say about God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)? 
  • What is word is God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) speaking to me in this passage?
  • What word does the passage speak about how we live in community together?
  • What does God want me to do? 
  •  
  • Jakob’s Notes:  The concluding verses of Matthew's gospel give a vivid glimpse into what it means to be disciples of Jesus.  The mountain in verse 16 connects us to the mountain in 4:8; 5:1, 14; 14:23; 15:29; 17:1, 9, 20; 24:16.  Worship in verse 17 recalls us 2:2, 8, 11; 4:10; 8:2; 9:18; 14:33; 15:25; 18:26; 20:20; 28:9.  distazo, translated doubt or waiver, is used in verse 14:31.  For more about Jesus’ authority, exousia, see 7:29; 8:8-10; 9:6, 8; 10: 1; 21:23-27. poreuo, translated in verse 19 “go,”  means to “follow one, become his adherent” and “to continue on ones journey, pursue the journey one has begun.” See, also, 2:8-9, 20;  8:9; 9:13; 10:6-7; 11:4, 7; 12:1, 45; 17:27; 18:12; 19:15; 21:2; 25:9, 16, 41; 26:14; 27:66; 28:7, 11, 16. Ethnos, translated here “nations,” refers to non-Jews, gentiles, foreigners who do not worship the one true God, but can be translated the human family or any group, tribe, company, troop (4:15; 6:23; 10:5, 18; 12:18, 21; 20;19, 25; 21:43; 24:7, 9,14; 25:32). The reference to baptism recalls for us John the Baptist in chapter 3 (especially verses 6 and 11) and Jesus’ baptism in 3:13-17.  Jesus teaches throughout Matthew’s gospel ( 4:23; 5:2, 19; 7:29; 9:35; 11:1; 13:54; 15:9; 21:23; 22:16; 26:55; 28:15.) Pas hemera, translated “always,” is literally “all time” or “all days.”  “I am with you always” brings us back to 1:23 “…his name shall be called Emmanuel…”
     

Additional readings - First Reading: Genesis 1:1--2:4a

1In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, 2the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters. 3Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. 5God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.
6And God said, “Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” 7So God made the dome and separated the waters that were under the dome from the waters that were above the dome. And it was so. 8God called the dome Sky. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.
9And God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. 10God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. 11Then God said, “Let the earth put forth vegetation: plants yielding seed, and fruit trees of every kind on earth that bear fruit with the seed in it.” And it was so. 12The earth brought forth vegetation: plants yielding seed of every kind, and trees of every kind bearing fruit with the seed in it. And God saw that it was good. 13And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.
14And God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years, 15and let them be lights in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. 16God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. 17God set them in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth, 18to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.
20And God said, “Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the dome of the sky.” 21So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, of every kind, with which the waters swarm, and every winged bird of every kind. And God saw that it was good. 22God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.
24And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures of every kind: cattle and creeping things and wild animals of the earth of every kind.” And it was so. 25God made the wild animals of the earth of every kind, and the cattle of every kind, and everything that creeps upon the ground of every kind. And God saw that it was good.
26Then God said, “Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the wild animals of the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.”
27So God created humankind in his image,
  in the image of God he created them;
  male and female he created them.
28God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth.” 29God said, “See, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit; you shall have them for food. 30And to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. 31God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
2:1Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all their multitude. 2And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done. 3So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all the work that he had done in creation.
4aThese are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created.

Psalm: Psalm 8

1O | Lord our Lord,
  how majestic is your name in | all the earth!—
2you whose glory is chanted above the heavens out of the mouths of in- | fants and children;
  you have set up a fortress against your enemies, to silence the foe | and avenger.
3When I consider your heavens, the work | of your fingers,
  the moon and the stars you have set | in their courses,
4what are mere mortals that you should be mind- | ful of them,
  human beings that you should | care for them? R
5Yet you have made them little less | than divine;
  with glory and hon- | or you crown them.
6You have made them rule over the works | of your hands;
  you have put all things un- | der their feet:
7all | flocks and cattle,
  even the wild beasts | of the field,
8the birds of the air, the fish | of the sea,
  and whatever passes along the paths | of the sea.
9O | Lord our Lord,
  how majestic is your name in | all the earth! R

Second Reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13

 [Paul writes:] 11Finally, brothers and sisters, farewell. Put things in order, listen to my appeal, agree with one another, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you. 12Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the saints greet you.
13The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with all of you.
 
New Revised Standard Version Bible, Copyright © 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
 
Revised Common Lectionary, Copyright © 1992 Consultation on Common Texts, admin Augsburg Fortress. Used by permission.

Grace Dwells in the Word

Sunday, May 31,2020                                                                         Pentecost
 
Prayer for receiving the Word:  Gracious God, we do not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from you. Bless us as we read the scriptures. Make us hunger for the Word of life, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen
 
Gospel:  (Scripture was written to be heard. Please, give it a voice. Read it aloud.)
John 7:37–39
37On the last day of the festival, the great day, while Jesus was standing there, he cried out, "Let anyone who is thirsty come to me,  38and let the one who believes in me drink. As the scripture has said, 'Out of the believer's heart shall flow rivers of living water.'"  39Now he said this about the Spirit, which believers in him were to receive; for as yet there was no Spirit, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
  • What does the passage have to say about God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)? 
  • What is word is God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) speaking to me in this passage?
  • What word does the passage speak about how we live in community together?
  • What does God want me to do? 

  • Jakob’s Notes: The festival referred to in verse 37 is the Jewish Festival of Booths or Tabernacles which was centered on the temple in Jerusalem.   The festival is associated with the eschatological hope for a time when God’s life giving presence would flow out of the temple, like water from the rock in the wilderness (see Psalm 78:15-16; Ezekiel 47:1-12; Joel 3:18; Zechariah 14:8; Isaiah 43:19; 44:3; 58:11; Proverbs 18:4; Sirach 24:30-33; Son of Solomon 4:15). The ceremonies involved water and light ( see 7:38 and 8:12).  Verse 38, koilia, translated here heart also translates the center of ones being and in 3:4 as womb. References to “rivers of flowing water” recall 4:14. Water is an important image in John (1:32-34; 2:1-11; 3:5; 4:7-26; 19:30-34).
     
    John 20:19–23
    19When it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and the doors of the house where the disciples had met were locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you."  20After he said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.  21Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I send you."  22When he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.  23If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained."
     
  • What does the passage have to say about God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)? 
  • What is word is God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) speaking to me in this passage?
  • What word does the passage speak about how we live in community together?
  • What does God want me to do? 
  •  
  • Jakob’s Notes: (see The New Interpreter’s Bible, vol. IX, page 552; John by Gail R. O’Day) John 20:1-28 describe the events of Easter Morning, the empty tomb and the appearance to Mary Magdalene. In Verse 19 it was Easter evening.  The risen Jesus appears to the disciples in verses 19-20 (in John “disciples” refers to the faith community in general and not just to the apostolic 12) and in verses 21-23 the disciples are commissioned. 

Additional Readings  First Reading: Acts 2:1-21

the day of Pentecost had come, [the apostles] were all together in one place. 2And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. 4All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability.
5Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem. 6And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each. 7Amazed and astonished, they asked, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8And how is it that we hear, each of us, in our own native language? 9Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11Cretans and Arabs—in our own languages we hear them speaking about God’s deeds of power.” 12All were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13But others sneered and said, “They are filled with new wine.”
14But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and addressed them, “Men of Judea and all who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and listen to what I say. 15Indeed, these are not drunk, as you suppose, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning. 16No, this is what was spoken through the prophet Joel:
17‘In the last days it will be, God declares,
 that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh,
  and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
 and your young men shall see visions,
  and your old men shall dream dreams.
18Even upon my slaves, both men and women,
  in those days I will pour out my Spirit;
   and they shall prophesy.
19And I will show portents in the heaven above
  and signs on the earth below,
   blood, and fire, and smoky mist.
20The sun shall be turned to darkness
  and the moon to blood,
   before the coming of the Lord’s great and glorious day.
21Then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.’?”

First Reading (alternate): Numbers 11:24-30

24Moses went out and told the people the words of the Lord; and he gathered seventy elders of the people, and placed them all around the tent. 25Then the Lord came down in the cloud and spoke to him, and took some of the spirit that was on him and put it on the seventy elders; and when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied. But they did not do so again.
26Two men remained in the camp, one named Eldad, and the other named Medad, and the spirit rested on them; they were among those registered, but they had not gone out to the tent, and so they prophesied in the camp. 27And a young man ran and told Moses, “Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp.” 28And Joshua son of Nun, the assistant of Moses, one of his chosen men, said, “My lord Moses, stop them!” 29But Moses said to him, “Are you jealous for my sake? Would that all the Lord’s people were prophets, and that the Lord would put his spirit on them!” 30And Moses and the elders of Israel returned to the camp.

Psalm: Psalm 104:24-34, 35b

24How manifold are your | works, O Lord!
  In wisdom you have made them all; the earth is full | of your creatures.
25Yonder is the sea, great and wide, with its swarms too man- | y to number,
  living things both | small and great.
26There go the ships | to and fro,
  and Leviathan, which you made for the | sport of it.
27All of them | look to you
  to give them their food | in due season. R
28You give it to them; they | gather it;
  you open your hand, and they are filled | with good things.
29When you hide your face, | they are terrified;
  when you take away their breath, they die and return | to their dust.
30You send forth your Spirit, and they | are created;
  and so you renew the face | of the earth.
31May the glory of the Lord en- | dure forever;
  O Lord, rejoice in | all your works. R
32You look at the earth | and it trembles;
  you touch the mountains | and they smoke.
33I will sing to the Lord as long | as I live;
  I will praise my God while I | have my being.
34May these words of | mine please God.
  I will rejoice | in the Lord.
35bBless the Lord, | O my soul.
  Hal- | lelujah! R

Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 12:3b-13

3bNo one can say “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit.

4Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; 5and there are varieties of services, but the same Lord; 6and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who activates all of them in everyone. 7To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. 8To one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, 9to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, 10to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the discernment of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. 11All these are activated by one and the same Spirit, who allots to each one individually just as the Spirit chooses.

12For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. 13For in the one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.

 

New Revised Standard Version Bible, Copyright © 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
 
Revised Common Lectionary, Copyright © 1992 Consultation on Common Texts, admin Augsburg Fortress. Used by permission.

 

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